Kharkiv was founded in the 17th century as a military garrison, this city in northeastern Ukraine was built on the edge of the steppes, A legend tells that Kharkiv got its name from a farmer Chariton, a.k.a. Kharko. Two rivers, Lopan and Kharkiv, flow through this city.
The Kharkiv population is second after Kiev in Ukraine, and is now close to 1.5 million. Kharkiv is a big (if not the biggest) center of science and culture in Ukraine. There are more than 60 scientific research institutes, more than 170 secondary education schools, more than 150 educational centers and special secondary education schools, the number of private and state owned higher education institutions has now reached 80. About 20,000 students graduate yearly from Kharkiv higher education institutions. There are 49 cultural centers and institutions, among them 5 museums, a town art gallery, six major theatres. Nuclear power equipment, farm machinery, airplanes, and electronic devices typify the Kharkiv factory output.