Ukraine - fertile country
Ukraine, the second largest country in Europe, is known as the region;s breadbasket thanks to its black "chernozem" soil, which is highly fertile and rich in organic matter called humus. Covering more than half the landmass of Ukraine, chernozem soil offers exceptional agronomic conditions for the production of a large range of crops, especially cereals and oilseeds.
Such highly favorable agro-ecological conditions give the agricultural sector in Ukraine a highly competitive edge, which is supplemented by its advantageous geographical location.
Ukraine's proximity to large and growing neighbouring markets - the Russian Federation and the European Union - and access to deep sea ports at the Black Sea, provide direct access to world markets, especially large grain importers in the Middle East and North Africa.
Ukraine is rich in natural resources: coal, iron ore, manganese, nickel, uranium and others. The reserves of sulfur are the largest in the world, the reserves of mercury ore are the second largest. Ukraine has more than 5% of the world reserves of iron ore.
The huge desert that spreads over several districts of the Khersons'ka Oblast' is one of the most striking places in southern Ukraine. Oleshky Sands is the biggest sand area in Ukraine, and some even call it the only desert in Europe.